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Population and Development

Price: $ 22

The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development will be held in Cairo, Egypt, September 5-13. The draft declaration for the conference reports on the emerging consensus that population policy objectives should be integrated with broader social development goals and that population program strategies should build on the linkages between demographic behavior and social and economic progress.

The report points to five key messages
* The slowing of population growth is still a high priority in the poorest countries
* Population policy should be integrated with social policies that address a range of poverty reduction and human development objectives
* Population programs should focus on providing the poor with access to high-quality, user-oriented services that offer choices for addressing fertility regulation and other reproductive health needs
* Country-specific strategies are required that will take account of individual country needs, cultural values, and financial and institutional constraints
* There are demographic issues beyond the scope of this report that have taken on increased social, economic, and political significance: urbanization, international migration, and aging.

The report provides a framework for developing country-specific, integrated strategies for population policies and programs. It underlines the World Bank's support for population programs and outlines the Bank's agenda for addressing the issues. The main conclusions are that major demographic challenges remain, that public sector interventions are warranted, that integrated approaches are needed, and that the World Bank has a role to play in these efforts.

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