Informal Settlements, Environmental Degradation, and Disaster Vulnerability
Alcira Kreimer Mohan Munasinghe Ronald Parker
Price: $ 22
World Bank Environment Paper No. 12.
This study is the third in a series designed to help reduce the vulnerability of urban areas to extreme events through a better understanding of underlying causes, especially environmental linkages, and to improve disaster prevention and mitigation mechanisms in disaster-prone developing countries. The study draws on a case study of Turkey to provide clear examples of urban environmental degradation and ample data on the relationship between disaster preparedness, mitigation, and urban vulnerability.
The authors concentrate on four Turkish cities--Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, and Erzincan--in discussing an overview and background of the current urban situation, urban vulnerability issues, the formal and informal city, and earthquakes. Chapter 10 is devoted to a case study of the 1992 earthquake in Erzincan, which increased awareness of the risks of natural disasters to Turkish urban areas.
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