Environmental Indicators for Global Cooperation
Eric Rodenburg Dan Tunstall Frederik van Bolhuis
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Global Environment Facility Working Paper No. 11.
Introduces two new indicators for use in global environmental cooperation by incorporating an environmental dimension into the usual economic comparators.
The prominence given to countries in global environmental forums has traditionally arisen from economic and political considerations. This paper explores a new strategy that includes two important environmental factors--a country's contribution to global pollution, and the global environmental benefits derived from its natural areas and biodiversity. With this strategy, the paper computes two new indicators--the Pollution-Adjusted Economy Indicator and the Natural Capital Indicator--that should prove useful in global environmental cooperation by incorporating an environmental dimension into the usual economic comparators.
The strategy would give weight to environmental resources in natural resource accounting. It may also help to dispel developing country concerns about weighting and to strengthen effective global environmental action. The volume contains appendixes that present country shares based on GNP and the two new indicators and break down the rankings into global, OECD, and non-OECD groupings.
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